CiteSpace: Visualizing Patterns and Trends in Scientific Literature

Chaomei Chen







Java JRE


Oct 26, 2014

3.8.R7 (64-bit)


64-bit / Windows x64


Oct 13, 2014

3.8.R6 (64-bit)


64-bit / Windows x64


June 22, 2014

3.8.R5 (64-bit)


64-bit / Windows x64


January 29, 2014

3.8.R1 (32-bit)


32-bit / Windows x86





Java Runtime (JRE)

You need to have Java Runtime (JRE) installed on your computer before you can run CiteSpace. Make sure you install the JRE that matches to your system. If you have a 32-bit system, you need to install the JRE for Windows x86. If you have a 64-bit system, install the JRE for Windows x64. CiteSpace is currently optimized for Windows 64-bit with Java 7.


Memory or RAM

It is recommended that you should have at least 1024MB (=1GB) of memory on your computer.


User Guide



Eric SanJuan, University of Avignon, France, provides the following script.

Download the standalone Java 7 tgz archive from oracle official website and use it WITHOUT any system installation:

# to download Java 7 standalone archive

# to extract files from the archive
tar -xzf jre-7u9-linux-i586.tar.gz

# to run CiteSpace

# to run CiteSpace using previous Java 7
jre1.7.0_09/bin/javaws citespace.jnlp


Emad khazraee suggests that on Linux, you may need to modify the following line in the launch.jnlp file:
<jnlp codebase="file:/C:./" href="launch.jnlp" spec="1.0+">

<jnlp codebase="" href="launch.jnlp" spec="1.0+">



It should work on Mac, but the recent versions have not been tested on Mac in particular.



The primary data source for CiteSpace is the bibliographic records retrieved from the Web of Science in the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge format, formerly ISI Export Format.

The Web of Knowledge format should not be used with CiteSpace because the Web of Knowledge format does not have the cited references field and the order of a few other fields is different from the Web of Science format.

When downloading records from the Web of Science, make sure that you select the option to include references. Save the records in plain text format to .txt files with the filenames starting with ‘download’.

Three sample datasets are provided below. CiteSpace provides some functions to convert data in other format.

1.       Terrorism (1995-2000)

2.       Social Networks (1996-2002)

3.       JAMIA

4.       Big Data (2008-2013)



Geographical Distributions of CiteSpace Users



If you have problems, comments, and/or suggestions related to CiteSpace, please get in touch via facebook, the blog on, or email me.


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Updated: Oct 26, 2014